Earth Pre-Federation Database - Sputnik 1

Diameter 58 cm (23 in)
Weight 83.6 kg (184 lb)
Width 308 meters
Launch Vehicle A 1 Sputnik
Milestone First Artificial Satellite
Spacecraft Sputnik 1
Date of Milestone October 4, 1957
Mission Operated by USSR
Spacecraft Location Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Milestones of Flight Gallery
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On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union successfully placed the world's first artificial satellite into orbit around Earth. Sputnik 1 had two radio transmitters and broadcast the "beep-beep-beep" that symbolically ushered in the space age.
The launch of Sputnik and the apparent Soviet lead in rocket technology disturbed many in the West. Intense debate about America's standing led to several important political decisions to bolster science and technology, among them establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1958 and passage of the National Defense Education Act. On loan from the Science in Russia Exhibition of National Achievement.
ENT "Carbon Creek"

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