||On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union successfully placed the world's first artificial satellite into orbit around Earth. Sputnik 1 had two
radio transmitters and broadcast the "beep-beep-beep" that symbolically ushered in the space age.
The launch of Sputnik and the apparent Soviet lead in rocket technology
disturbed many in the West. Intense debate about America's standing led to several important political decisions to bolster science and technology, among them establishment
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1958 and passage of the National Defense Education Act. On loan from the Science in Russia Exhibition of National
ENT "Carbon Creek"