Paramilitary organization of former Federation citizens formed at the colonies affected by the border
changes wrought by the Federation-Cardassian Treaty of 2370. The Maquis grew in response to Cardassian hostilities toward these colonies
and the perception that they had been abandoned by the Federation government. Members of the Maquis had often been victims of violence
directed toward them by the Cardassian military. They felt the intention was to force them from their homes, and many chose to fight
rather than leave. The Maquis was organized in a series of cells, with only the leaders of each cell knowing the whereabouts of the other
cells. A number of Starfleet officers were sympathetic to the Maquis situation and either provided them with weapons, or left Starfleet
to join their ranks.
TNG "Preemptive Strike"
In 2370 a group of Maquis led by Calvin Hudson defended colonies in
he Demilitarized Zone that were no longer under Federation protection. Hudson's group destroyed the Cardassian freighter Bok'Nor,
resulting in several skirmishes along the border.
DS9 "The Maquis, Part I & II"
In 2371 Thomas Riker hijacked the
Defiant from Deep Space 9 for a Maquis mission to investigate a suspected Cardassian military buildup in the Orias system.
Also during that year, a Maquis ship commanded by Chakotay was lost in the Badlands.
By 2372, members of the Maquis were no longer considered to be citizens of the Federation.
"For the Cause"
In 2373 the Maquis were almost completely wiped out by the Cardassian forces allied with the Dominion.
The Maquis defeat came despite military aid from the Klingon government, which included 30 class-4 cloaking devices. Only a few Maquis
groups survived the Cardassian and Dominion attacks, including a handful of survivors of Michael Eddington's team who were rescued from
Athos IV, as well as members of Chakotay's ship who joined the crew of Voyager in the Delta Quadrant.
The name Maquis was used by members of the French underground in World War II.
Star Trek Encyclopedia II